CCC says end gas boilers within 15 years: Fossil-fuelled boilers could soon see a total phase-out by 2035 for UK households.
All new build homes will need to be built with low-carbon heating from 2025.
Existing UK homes and all commercial and public buildings, thats around 29 million, will need to switch towards low-carbon heating sources and away from fossil-fuelled boilers.
The installation of all new gas boilers should be phased out by 2035 at the latest and making homes climate-resilient.
The committee says the government needs to begin the shift immediately to low-carbon heating systems to protect against overheating, with housing being one of the biggest sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
The committee also says the government needs to concentrate on several other issues, but it is not only low carbon heating, which must dominate new heating installations by early 2030s. These include low-carbon retrofits, energy networks, green infrastructure, circular economy and tree planting.
New hydrogen and carbon capture and storage (CCS) infrastructure could provide a quick route to establishing new low-carbon industries, say the advisors.
Large-scale hydrogen trials should begin in the early 2020s it recommends and a funding mechanism is needed for the operational costs of early deployment of industrial electrification and hydrogen use as well as CCS.
EVs and transport
It is a good time to raise fuel duty the CCC also suggests. It says introducing carbon pricing can both raise about £15 billion and drive low-carbon behaviour, which could be then dedicated to green measures, such as incentives for motorists to switch to electric vehicles (EVs).
A full phase-out of petrol and diesel cars and a complete switch to EVs and could be managed by 2032, according to the report, with fast-tracked EV charging points playing a significant role in this change.
Dedicated safe spaces for cycling and walking and support for shared e-scooters and bikes, can help the nation get back to work in a more sustainable way.
The roll-out of ‘green passports’ for buildings can begin immediately the committee suggests. The energy efficiency passports would signify the property had been constructed to the highest standards. This could lead to a jobs boom with new opportunities to re-skill the population the committee claims.
Waste and environment
The committee adds on waste: “within the next five years ‘we can not only increase recycling rates rapidly but stop sending biodegradable waste to landfill”.
Meeting the UK’s net zero target the report suggests will also require making ‘substantial’ changes in the use of land, which could bring benefits for the climate and air quality, flood prevention – incentive schemes such as auctioned contracts could drive afforestation.
Time to act is now
Lord Deben, CCC Chairman said: “The UK is facing its biggest economic shock for a generation. Meanwhile, the global crisis of climate change is accelerating. We have a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to address these urgent challenges together.
“The steps that the UK takes to rebuild from the Covid-19 pandemic can accelerate the transition to a successful and low-carbon economy and improve our climate resilience. Choices that lock-in emissions or climate risks are unacceptable.”
Baroness Brown of Cambridge, Chair of the CCC’s Adaptation Committee, commented: “Covid-19 has shown planning for systemic risks is unavoidable. We have warned repeatedly that the UK is poorly prepared for the very serious impacts of climate change, including flooding, overheating and water shortages.
“Now is the moment to get our house in order, coordinate national planning, and prepare for the inevitable changes ahead.”
CCC says end gas boilers within 15 years