They have signed a detailed three-year programme highlighting a range of issues of mutual interest and co-operation.
It adds the nation has also pioneered the use of auctions for long term renewable energy contracts.
Brazil and the IEA will work together on a range of projects, including the implementation of The Biofuture Platform, which aims to promote international co-ordination on advanced low carbon fuels.
The Agency will also support the development of the country’s 10-year energy efficiency plan.
Fatih Birol, IEA’s Executive Director said: “Brazil’s experience shows that policies do matter. Its determined and ambitious long term energy policies, developing deepwater oil resources and expanding biofuels output set an example to countries around the world.”